It is brought to remove fraud and duplication and will available to poor when they will be availing different kinds of services. UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India) has taken up the job of Biometrics and similar thing. In US it is compulsory to have a social security no and in UK this system has failed. If you don’t own an aadhar card then you won’t be penalized and registrar general of India is one of the registrar of UIDAI and is the one who maintains National Population register (NPR). The NPR is a part of the Multi-purpose national Identity card (MNIC) that was started post kargil war to keep a check illegal immigration and was compulsory. So there was a national identity no for every citizen otherwise fine. The UADAI scheme will piggy back on the NPR scheme and the NPR registries will be given an Aadhar no. This was been hidden from the govt. when the data is taken by NPR it is send to UIDAI to de-duplication and after that the smart card is issued.
UIDAI chairman Nandan M nilekani and PM had meeting on UID. The total cost of the project is estimated at over Rs.50,000 crore. For every rupee of IT spend on the project… around 60 per cent… will go to hardware vendors”. One consultancy giant estimated that within five years into that “post-Aadhaar world”, India would see a first wave of investments totalling $10 billion. From then on, “potential” is $12 billion a year. It will be a formidable tool in the hand of home minister and can be used to persecute the marginal sections of society. So there is question that if it is for security or development.
Duplication: UIDAI has signed MoU with RGI(registerar general of India) to enrol some people and with other non-registrar to tackle others. However, the non registerar data cannot be transfered to the RGI data and hence there will be duplication when RGI again collects the same data.
Privacy: This is not discussed even and there are talks of having a PPP so that the info is shared with the private companies as well. Now may be India is not as individualistic as US and is community based culture but there are certain limits that must be respected like giving away the information to the private companies.
Biometrics: They are not infallible systems and may give response where the finger print is mis matched or not found. People with 60+ and below 12 will have problem in registering and the workers finger prints are always broken because of injuries etc.
The infrastructure of the services and mechanism need to be changes according to aadhar.
20 crore have already been registered.
PDS: was started in 1965 as the universal PDS and here the govt procured grains and distributed them keeping the state out of the loop thereby ensuring that there is uniform consumption across the states but that was non achievable so in 1997 govt changed it to TPDS(Targeted PDS) which was applicable only to BPL families and thereby a lot of poor APL families were out of ambit of PDS. This is a major drawback of the TDPS now the Food security bill is calling for creating of general households and other house holds out of APL category and the BPL will be renamed Priority households, only the general households will be allowed. These lines will be based on tendulkar committee. Lesser foodgrain will be there for general households and no more than 75% of rural and 50% of urban households can come under the PDS. UIDAI is of the view that this will decrease the leakages due to the fake ration cards but the states are of the view that the leakage happens during the transportation and not while procuring from FPS(Fair price shops). However some states have started the GPS and SMS alert system while the food trucks are in motion. However, the UIDAI has also suggested to switch over to the cash transfer system to bring in efficiency. The FPS have grain only equal the to no of households they are responsible for and have to turn away the migrants so the food stamps and cash transfers will be better but the only problem is that the real value of the cash transferred will decrease because of the huge food inflation.
Health Services: UID is also said to help deliver services like health more efficiently. People avoid the govt. facilities becasue of the unavailibilty of drugs, docs, beds and the rude staff.
NREGA: Right now the NREGA workers have a job card and the details are always written on a board in the village but if the UID comes in it will be difficult to stop corruption and ghost labor. It will be a problem because then there will be payments only through banks and there could be a problem if the UID does not identify the person as genuine.
NIAI (National Identification authority of India) is the bill which was supposed to give legal backing to the UIADI but was rejected in winter session coz it is duplication, national security and piracy issues.
Brazil: In brazil the name of the programme is Bolsa Familia and the cash transfers are made to the poor families to help them in poverty. However the country is only 15% rural and the poverty is also very limited.
Standing committee of Finance put an end to the bill of National identification authority of India 2010 bill saying:
- Parliament was not consulted and the action was started without permission (UIDAI is a executive body which is made by the executive decision and not a statutory body that is made legal by the parliament)
- No cost analysis
- No concern of privacy and security
- No coordination between the 6 agencies doing it
- Unreliable tech
- Data protection law has not been passed yet….and UK rejected the bill
UIDAI and NPR solves the conflict
In case of any discrepancy the NPR data will be considered absolute than UIDAI. UIDAI is under the Planning commission and the NPR under the Home ministry. UIDAI is voluntary and the NPR is mandatory so if data is given for either then the duplication is not required. UIDAI has been given permission — and finances to the tune of an additional 5,791 crore — to enrol another 40 crore people in 16 States under its Aadhaar scheme. The NPR will accept the biometric data collected by the UIDAI in those States and continue to collect its own data through the Registrar-General of India in the remaining States. The cost of the deduplication is Rs 20 globally but UIDAI has reduced it to Rs 2.75. The NPR database consisting of demographic and biometric data will be sent to Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) for de-duplication and issue of UID Numbers (Aadhaar). After this, the Local Register of Usual Residents (LRUR) alongwith Aadhaar number would be published in the local areas for inviting objections and claims. The LRUR would also be placed before the Gram Sabha/ Ward Committee for social vetting. The govt is also considering to issue the RIC(resident identity cards) along with the aadhar cards to the people with more than 18 years of age.
N Vital Panel: on UIDAI rules
Post is continued at following link:
*Aadhar Card, National Population register(A to Z), UIDAI,